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Animal Science Degree? Exploring Career Path Alternatives

Are you passionate about animals and considering pursuing a degree in animal science? Many animal lovers find themselves drawn to this field. However, does the investment of time and money in obtaining such a degree pay off in the long run? In this article, I’ll delve into the value of an animal science degree, explore potential career paths, and discuss alternative degrees that can lead to fulfilling roles in the field.

What is Animal Science?

Animal science is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the biology, management, and welfare of animals, both domestic and wild. It encompasses various aspects of animal biology, including nutrition, reproduction, genetics, behavior, and health. Individuals with a degree in animal science are equipped with the knowledge and skills to work in diverse sectors such as agriculture, research, veterinary medicine, conservation, and more.

Pros and Cons of Pursuing an Animal Science Degree

Before diving into the specifics of career options and potential salaries, let’s weigh the pros and cons of pursuing an animal science degree:


  1. Passion and Interest: If you have a deep love for animals, studying animal science can be incredibly rewarding.
  2. Diverse Career Opportunities: An animal science degree opens doors to various career paths in agriculture, research, animal welfare, and related fields.
  3. Hands-On Experience: Many programs offer hands-on learning experiences, including internships and practical training, which are invaluable for career development.
  4. Contribution to Animal Welfare: With an understanding of animal biology and management practices, graduates can contribute to improving the welfare and well-being of animals.


  1. Limited Job Market: While there are numerous career options available, competition for animal science-related jobs can be fierce.
  2. Salary Considerations: Some entry-level positions in the field may offer lower salaries compared to other professions requiring similar levels of education.
  3. Physical Demands: Certain roles within animal science, such as farm management or veterinary work, can be physically demanding and require long hours.
  4. Continuing Education: Advancement in certain career paths, such as veterinary medicine or research, may require additional education or certifications beyond a bachelor’s degree.

Colleges Offering Animal Science Degrees

If you’re interested in pursuing a degree in animal science, here are five reputable colleges that offer such programs, along with estimated costs for obtaining the degree:

  1. Cornell University
    • Program: Bachelor of Science in Animal Science
    • Cost: Approximately $55,188 per year (tuition and fees)
  2. University of California, Davis
    • Program: Bachelor of Science in Animal Science
    • Cost: Approximately $14,597 per year for in-state students, $44,351 for out-of-state students (tuition and fees)
  3. Texas A&M University
    • Program: Bachelor of Science in Animal Science
    • Cost: Approximately $12,153 per year for in-state students, $38,602 for out-of-state students (tuition and fees)
  4. Michigan State University
    • Program: Bachelor of Science in Animal Science
    • Cost: Approximately $14,460 per year for in-state students, $39,766 for out-of-state students (tuition and fees)
  5. University of Florida
    • Program: Bachelor of Science in Animal Sciences
    • Cost: Approximately $6,381 per year for in-state students, $28,659 for out-of-state students (tuition and fees)

It’s important to note that these costs are approximate and may vary based on factors such as residency status, housing, and additional expenses.

Career Paths in Animal Science

An animal science degree opens doors to a wide range of career opportunities. Here are eight potential jobs in the field along with median annual wages, based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics:

  1. Animal Laboratory Technician
      • Median Annual Wage: $37,860
      • Animal laboratory technicians assist with research projects by caring for and handling animals, maintaining laboratory equipment, collecting data, and ensuring compliance with safety regulations. They typically work in universities, research institutions, pharmaceutical companies, or government agencies.
  2. Animal Scientist
    • Median Annual Wage: $68,170
    • Animal scientists conduct research to improve animal breeding, nutrition, and management practices. They may work in agricultural research facilities, universities, or government agencies.
  3. Zoologist/Wildlife Biologist
    • Median Annual Wage: $66,350
    • Zoologists and wildlife biologists study animals and their habitats to understand behaviors, populations, and ecosystems. They may work for government agencies, conservation organizations, or educational institutions.
  4. Animal Nutritionist
    • Median Annual Wage: $64,330
    • Animal nutritionists formulate diets and feeding programs to optimize the health and productivity of livestock, pets, and other animals. They may work for feed companies, farms, or research institutions.
  5. Farm Manager
    • Median Annual Wage: $73,640
    • Farm managers oversee the daily operations of agricultural establishments, including livestock production, crop cultivation, and land management. They may work on farms, ranches, or agricultural cooperatives.
  6. Animal Control Officer
    • Median Annual Wage: $40,620
    • Animal control officers enforce laws and regulations related to animal welfare, respond to calls about stray or injured animals, and investigate cases of animal cruelty or neglect. They typically work for local government agencies or animal shelters.
  7. Animal Trainer
    • Median Annual Wage: $32,760
    • Animal trainers work with animals to teach them specific behaviors, such as obedience commands, agility skills, or performance routines. They may work in entertainment, conservation, or animal-assisted therapy settings.
  8. Laboratory Animal Caretaker
    • Median Annual Wage: $28,590
    • Laboratory animal caretakers provide daily care for animals used in research settings, including feeding, cleaning, and monitoring their health. They typically work in universities, pharmaceutical companies, or research institutions.

Alternative Degrees for Animal Science Jobs

While an animal science degree provides specialized knowledge in animal biology and management, several alternative degrees can also lead to careers in the field plus allow for a much wider field of possible employment opportunities. Here are some options:

  1. Biology: A degree in biology provides a strong foundation in the study of living organisms, which is essential for many animal science-related careers such as zoology, wildlife biology, or veterinary medicine.
  2. Agricultural Science: Agricultural science degrees focus on various aspects of crop and livestock production, including animal husbandry, agricultural economics, and sustainable farming practices.
  3. Environmental Science: Environmental science degrees explore the interactions between living organisms and their environments, which is relevant to careers in conservation, wildlife management, and ecosystem restoration.
  4. Nutrition Science: Nutrition science degrees delve into the study of food and its effects on human and animal health, making them valuable for careers in animal nutrition or dietetics.
  5. Veterinary Technology: Veterinary technology programs train students to assist veterinarians in caring for animals, including performing diagnostic tests, administering treatments, and providing client education.

Business Degree Alternative

Having a business degree with a concentration in accounting can be incredibly beneficial for individuals seeking to work in various areas within the field of animal science. While traditional animal science programs primarily focus on biology, nutrition, and management practices related to animals, integrating business and accounting skills can enhance one’s ability to succeed in roles that involve financial management, entrepreneurship, and strategic decision-making. Let’s explore some areas within animal science where a business degree with accounting knowledge can make a significant impact:

1. Agricultural Business Management: Running a successful agricultural operation, whether it’s a farm, ranch, or livestock production facility, requires sound business acumen. Individuals with a business background can effectively manage finances, analyze market trends, develop business plans, and implement strategies to maximize profitability. Understanding accounting principles is crucial for budgeting, cost analysis, financial reporting, and tax compliance in agricultural businesses.

2. Animal Nutrition and Feed Management: In the realm of animal nutrition, businesses involved in feed production, distribution, and sales benefit from professionals who can navigate financial aspects efficiently. With knowledge of accounting, individuals can assess the cost-effectiveness of different feed formulations, manage inventory, analyze pricing structures, and negotiate contracts with suppliers. Moreover, understanding business concepts enables professionals to identify opportunities for innovation and expansion within the animal nutrition sector.

3. Veterinary Practice Management: For those interested in the veterinary aspect of animal science, a business degree with accounting skills is invaluable for managing veterinary clinics or hospitals. Practice managers oversee daily operations, including staffing, scheduling, inventory management, client relations, and financial planning. They rely on accounting knowledge to track revenue and expenses, manage billing and collections, analyze financial performance, and develop strategies for business growth and sustainability.

4. Animal Health Product Development and Marketing: Companies involved in the development and marketing of animal health products, such as pharmaceuticals, vaccines, and supplements, require professionals who understand both the science behind the products and the business aspects of bringing them to market. Individuals with a business background can contribute to product development strategies, market research, pricing strategies, promotional campaigns, and distribution channels. Accounting skills are essential for budgeting product development costs, analyzing return on investment, and managing financial resources effectively.

5. Animal Welfare Organizations and Nonprofits: In the realm of animal welfare, nonprofits and advocacy organizations play a crucial role in promoting animal rights, welfare, and conservation. Professionals in these organizations need to understand how to manage finances, secure funding through grants and donations, and allocate resources effectively to support their missions. With a business degree and accounting knowledge, individuals can contribute to strategic planning, fundraising efforts, budget management, and financial reporting within animal welfare organizations.

6. Agricultural Policy and Advocacy: Individuals interested in shaping agricultural policies and advocating for animal welfare may find opportunities in government agencies, industry associations, or nonprofit organizations. Understanding the economic and financial implications of agricultural policies requires knowledge of business principles and accounting practices. Professionals in this field analyze data, develop policy recommendations, and engage in advocacy efforts to support sustainable agricultural practices and animal welfare standards.

In summary, a business degree with a focus on accounting can complement traditional animal science education and open doors to a wide range of career opportunities within the field. Whether it’s managing agricultural businesses, veterinary practices, animal health product development, nonprofit organizations, or influencing agricultural policies, individuals with business acumen and financial expertise can make meaningful contributions to the advancement of animal science and the welfare of animals.

Jobs in the animal science area with No Degree?

There are jobs in the animal field that you can work up to with experience without a degree. You will start out a a lower level and with experience work up to these jobs. The salaries of many of these jobs are comparable with the degree jobs but without incurring student debt. Here is a list of careers in the animal science field based on experience, along with approximate wage ranges. These wage ranges are approximate and will vary depending on factors such as location, experience, reputation, and the specific nature of the role.

  1. Animal Breeder:
    • Wage Range: $40,000 – $100,000+ annually
    • Animal breeders specialize in selecting and breeding animals to improve specific traits such as size, temperament, or productivity. Experienced breeders with a strong reputation can command high incomes, especially if they work with valuable or rare breeds.
  2. Equine Trainer:
    • Wage Range: $30,000 – $100,000+ annually
    • Equine trainers specialize in training horses for various purposes, such as racing, show jumping, or dressage. Experienced trainers who have a proven track record of success with competitive horses can earn substantial incomes through training fees, commissions, and prize winnings.
  3. Livestock Auctioneer:
    • Wage Range: $40,000 – $90,000+ annually
    • Livestock auctioneers facilitate the sale of livestock at auctions. With experience in auctioneering and a deep understanding of livestock markets, they can earn significant commissions based on the value of the animals sold.
  4. Animal Show Judge:
    • Wage Range: $50,000 – $100,000+ annually
    • Animal show judges evaluate animals at livestock shows, dog shows, or horse competitions. Experienced judges with a keen eye for quality and breed conformation can command high fees for their expertise.
  5. Animal Behaviorist Consultant:
    • Wage Range: $50,000 – $120,000+ annually
    • Animal behaviorist consultants provide advice on managing and modifying animal behavior. With years of experience and specialized knowledge, they can charge premium rates for their services.
  6. Animal Nutrition Consultant:
    • Wage Range: $50,000 – $120,000+ annually
    • Animal nutrition consultants advise on formulating balanced diets for animals. Experienced consultants with a strong track record of improving animal health can earn substantial fees for their expertise.
  7. Equine Massage Therapist:
    • Wage Range: $30,000 – $80,000+ annually
    • Equine massage therapists provide therapeutic massages to horses. With extensive training and experience, they can build lucrative practices serving horse owners, trainers, and equestrian facilities.
  8. Livestock Reproduction Specialist:
    • Wage Range: $40,000 – $100,000+ annually
    • Livestock reproduction specialists assist with breeding programs and reproductive health management. With expertise in reproductive physiology, they can offer valuable services to improve breeding efficiency.
  9. Animal Genetics Consultant:
    • Wage Range: $50,000 – $120,000+ annually
    • Animal genetics consultants provide guidance on breeding strategies and genetic selection criteria. With specialized knowledge, they can offer valuable insights to improve breeding programs.
  10. Animal Welfare Auditor:
    • Wage Range: $50,000 – $100,000+ annually
    • Animal welfare auditors assess animal care practices and facilities to ensure compliance with industry standards. Experienced auditors can command high fees for conducting thorough assessments.



In conclusion, pursuing a degree in animal science undoubtedly offers a pathway to a fulfilling career for those passionate about working with animals. Exploring alternative degree options can often lead to a more versatile and lucrative career path within the animal-related industries. A business degree with a concentration in accounting, for instance, equips individuals with a unique skill set that can be applied across various sectors of the animal science field.

Ultimately, the value of a degree lies not only in the specific subject matter it covers but also in the versatility and adaptability it offers in the ever-evolving job market. By considering alternative degree paths and applying them to animal-related roles, individuals can position themselves for long-term success and make meaningful contributions to the field of animal science. So, while an animal science degree may be worth it for some, exploring alternative routes with a business focus can often lead to a more rewarding and impactful career journey in the realm of animal-related industries.

Wages are based on data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).


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